Saturday, April 19, 2014

Q = Quick Street Guide and Lapin Agile - A to Z

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

Today's post features an ART Legend, and references a book that can help you find these historical places. This café has a history of supporting artists.



Lapin Agile, Artists' Café

One of the Montmartre cafés frequented by artists. The name shows on the white wall, and includes the pink building. Artists could trade their work for a meal at Lapin Agile, the Montmartre cabaret located at #22 on the steep and cobbled Rue des Saules, Paris. Pablo Picasso's 1905 oil painting, 'At the Lapin Agile', helped to make this cabaret world famous.



Lapin Agile, Artist's Cabaret, Montmartre, Paris, by DG Hudson


Another Montmartre artist, Maurice Utrillo, also painted this cabaret. Steve Martin wrote a play in 1993, Picasso at the Lapin Agile, about an imaginary meeting between Picasso and Einstein. This café may offer authentic French songs, if our sources are correct.


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Finding places like this cafe is easier, with the book chosen for the letter, Q.

Q = Quick* Street by Street Guide to Painters in Paris

Or Guide des peintres a Paris, 2010



F. Gaussen,, Painters in Paris, front cover


This Street Guide to painters' homes or studios covers the time between the early 1700s to the late 1900s. Yes, that's the young Picasso on the cover. To narrow your search, the book includes several itineraries: Impressionist, Picasso, Romantic, and Surrealist. The former Van Gogh residence, where Vincent and Theo lived is on the way uphill to Sacre Coeur. This book also includes many period photographs of the artists at work or in their natural settings, including the original Bateau Lavoire.

There is a statement in the opening pages which clarifies that no living artist's addresses are listed. The author of this book, Frederic Gaussen, formerly a journalist for the newspaper, Le Monde, is the author of several books on Parisian artists and their studios.

Published by Editions du Patrimoine
Centre des Monuments Nationaux
ISBN: 978-2-7577-0083-9 (29 Euros, purchased at the Arc de Triomphe)

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Would you walk about Paris to see the studios or works of famous artists? Do you visit the homes or studios of our literary ancestors at home or in other countries?

Please let me know you were here in the comments and thanks for dropping by! I'll respond.

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Disclaimer: I may have stretched the interpretation of the book title name to include the letter Q, and thereby fit the alpha requirements of the challenge. Creative license used.

Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.

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References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lapin_Agile Wiki Lapin Agile

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Le_Lapin_Agile_par_Rapha%C3%ABl_Toussaint.jpg Another artist's depiction of the Lapin Agile

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picasso_at_the_Lapin_Agile - Steve Martin's play

Friday, April 18, 2014

P = Pablo Picasso, Art Legend - A to Z Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850's-1960's. There are exceptions.





Pablo Picasso 1962, via Wikipedia Commons (PD)

P = Pablo Picasso
1881 – 1973


As one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, Pablo Picasso is known as a co-founder of the Cubist movement, and the invention of constructed sculpture.

His career as a painter started in 1894. At the age of 14, he painted Portrait of Aunt Pepa, a portrait that is considered 'one of the greatest in the history of Spanish painting'. The influence of artists such as Toulouse-Lautrec and Edvard Munch led Pablo to form his own personal version of Modernism.

Picasso's most famous work is Guernica, his depiction of the bombing during the Spanish Civil War.

Guernica by Pablo Picasso, 1937.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PicassoGuernica.jpg  Guernica, scroll to bottom end of Wikipedia page.

Portrait of Igor Stravinsky, c. 1920
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stravinsky_picasso.png - also at the bottom of the wiki page


Picasso was exceptionally prolific throughout his long lifetime. The total number of artworks he produced has been estimated at 50,000, comprising 1,885 paintings; 1,228 sculptures; 2,880 ceramics, roughly 12,000 drawings, many thousands of prints, and numerous tapestries and rugs. 

Pablo died on April 8,1973 in Mougins, France. At the time of his death many of his paintings were in his possession. These works form the core of an immense collection of the Musée Picasso in Paris. (The Musée Picasso was closed for renovations when we located it in 2010 Paris.)
 
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Are you a fan of Picasso's art? (early periods, cubism or sculpture)  Do you prefer some of his earlier 'realistic' paintings to the analytical cubism?

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on.





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References:
 

A Picasso Wiki
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pablo_Picasso 


Picasso - previous post in 2012 A to Z, Pablo's early time in Paris

http://dghudson-rainwriting.blogspot.ca/2012/04/p-pablo-picasso-in-paris-to-z-challenge.html


Pablo Picasso's works will not enter the public domain in France, Spain and other European countries until 2043.

Image of Picasso, 1962 -PD-WC

This image is in the public domain because the copyright of this photograph, registered in Argentina, has expired. (Both at least 25 years have passed after the photograph was created, and it was first published at least 20 years ago, Law 11.723, Article 34 as amended, and Berne Convention Article 7 (4)).

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Thursday, April 17, 2014

O = Oppenheim, Méret, Surrealist - A to Z Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850s-1960s. There are exceptions.





2014 A to Z April Blog Challenge


O = Oppenheim, Méret
1913 - 1985
Surrealist and Photographer


Méret Elisabeth Oppenheim was a German born-Swiss, Surrealist artist, and photographer. Born in Berlin, she became part of the 1920s Surrealist movement along with André Breton, Luis Buñuel, Marcel Duchamp, Max Ernst, and other writers and visual artists.

Oppenheim was also inspired by her aunt, Ruth Wenger, and her devotion to art and her modern lifestyle. Ruth was an attractive young singer, at one time married to Herman Hesse, a German writer, poet, novelist and painter.
 
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There are restrictions on use of the images, so please click the links to see the images.


Object: Breakfast in Fur - 1936, Surrealistic tea set; (Object - Le Déjeuner en fourrure )


Negative of X-Ray of Meret Oppenheim’s Skull - A different kind of self-portrait by Meret using new technology of her time; 1964



In 1932, Oppenheim moved to Paris at the impressionable age of 18, occasionally attending the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere.  In 1933, Hans Arp and Alberto Giacometti invited her to participate in the Surrealist exhibition, the “Salon des Surindépendants'. In 1936, Oppenheim had her first solo exhibition in Switzerland. She continued to contribute to Surrealist exhibitions until 1960.

Méret Oppenheim created art objects, and also appeared as a model for photographs by Man Ray, aka Emmanuel Radnitzky, 1890 – 1976, an American artist who spent most of his career in Paris, France. He was an important contributor to the Dada and Surrealist art movements. He was a fashion and portrait photographer. Ray is also known for his photograms, or as he calls them, 'rayograms'.

Méret died at 72, in 1985. She kept careful notes about which patrons and colleagues were favored and determined where her work should go. The archives and artwork are now managed by several venerable libraries and institutions in Bern.
 
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Do you know who Méret Oppenheim was? Have you ever seen surrealist objects in an exhibition? (Things are not what they seem)

Do you like surrealist paintings? Surrealist objects?

Please leave a comment to let me know you were here, and thanks for dropping by! I'll respond.

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.

***

References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A9ret_Oppenheim Meret Oppenheim
 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:M%C3%A9ret_Oppenheim_Object.jpg Breakfast in Fur

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Man_Ray Man Ray wiki

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Wednesday, April 16, 2014

N = Nouvelle Athènes, Paris - A to Z Blog Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends


 A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850's-1960's. There are exceptions.


 
 
Café de la Nouvelle Athènes, Paris, Place Pigalle, before



N = Nouvelle Athènes

Café de la Nouvelle Athènes
 

A café in the Place Pigalle in Paris, Nouvelle Athènes, became the meeting place of many of the artists during the late 1800s. Matisse, Van Gogh and Degas frequented the café. Degas painted L'Absinthe, the image below, in the Nouvelle AthènesDelacroix and critic Guillaume Apollinaire lived in this district along with other musicians and writers.


Two figures dine at the 'Nouvelle Athènes' in this painting, L'Absinthe, by Degas, 1876.
These are models, not clientele. A 'slice' of a Paris café life.


L'Absinthe, Degas, 1876, PD*-WC

In the 1980s and '90s, the Nouvelle Athènes became a rock venue. The café was destroyed in 2004, after a long, if not always healthy, life. Think of the history that passed through those doors gone forever but captured in paintings like L'Absinthe.

 
Belle Époque

Prominent artists in Paris during the Belle Époque included post-Impressionists Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and a young Pablo Picasso. Some of these artists worked in both styles - Impressionism and post-Impressionism.

For more information on the Belle Époque, see References.

Maxim's (shown below) was founded as a bistro in 1893 and later became a Paris hotspot. One of its chefs included the young Wolfgang Puck. Maxim's, embellished with Art Nouveau designs, was a well-known gathering spot during the Belle Époque, the restaurant where everyone in Paris went to be seen.

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Belle Epoque's Maxim's, Paris, 2010 by DG Hudson


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Have you heard of Nouvelle Athènes? Belle Epoque? Do you like the painting above by Degas? Do you know the effects of Absinthe?

Please leave a comment to let me know you were here, and thanks for stopping by! I'll respond.

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.




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References:

Nouvelle Athenes
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caf%C3%A9_de_la_Nouvelle_Ath%C3%A8nes 

La Belle Époque - Beautiful Era - DG's post
http://dghudson.blogspot.ca/2013/02/la-belle-epoque-beautiful-era.html
 

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Images: PD-WC

L'Absinthe, by Degas, 1876
 
This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. This work is in the public domain in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 90 years or less. This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain.
 
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Café de la Nouvelle Athènes, Place Pigalle, Paris, before
 
This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.
This applies to Australia, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.


You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years, Russia has 74 years for some authors. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term.

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Tuesday, April 15, 2014

M = Magritte, René - A to Z Blog Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850's-1960's. There are exceptions.






M = Magritte, Rene
1898 - 1967
Surrealist


A model steam engine coming out of the fireplace, or a faceless suit in the mirror?
Sound familiar? You could be having surreal dreams.


René François Ghislain Magritte was a Belgian surrealist artist, well known for a number of thought-provoking Surrealist images. He combined ordinary objects in an unusual context. Magritte's work is known for challenging observers' preconditioned perceptions. His paintings have been frequently 'adapted' or plagiarized in advertisements, posters, book covers, etc. As a result, there are specific restrictions on his images.

Links to his paintings and the artist below.

Little is known of Magritte's early life. He started drawing lessons in 1910, two years before his mother committed suicide by drowning. The constant references to illusion and reality in his painting has been linked to his mother's death in 1912, when he was a young boy. 

Two artists who fell under Magritte's spell were: Andy Warhol and Jasper Johns. There were many others. Popular interest in Magritte's work increased in the 1960's, as did his influence on POP, Minimalist and Conceptual art.

René Magritte died of cancer, August 1967 at the age of 68, in his own bed. He is interred in a cemetery in Brussels. The Magritte Museum opened to the public in May 2009 in Brussels. Located in the Hotel Altenloh on the Place Royale, it displays some 200 original Magritte paintings, drawings and sculptures. Another museum dedicated to the artist is also located in Brussels, in Magritte's former home.

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The Artist
 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Magritte


Links. . .due to artists or estate copyrights still in effect


The Treachery of Images
Caption: "Ceci n'est pas une pipe.", Fr. for "This is not a pipe." painted in 1929.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Treachery_of_Images


Time Transfixed, one of many created for surrealist patron and Magritte supporter Edward James, in 1938.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_Transfixed

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Surrealism is a cultural movement, beginning in the early 1920s, and is best remembered for its visual artworks and writings. Their mission: to 'resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality.'


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Are you a fan of Surrealism or of René Magritte? Do you think psychological damage can be caused by traumatic events in early life?

Please leave a comment to let me know you were here! I'll respond and visit back.

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.

***

Monday, April 14, 2014

L = Lichtenstein, Roy - A to Z Blog Challenge 2014

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends 

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850's-1960's. There are exceptions.


2014 A-Z April Blog Challenge

L = Lichtenstein, Roy Fox
1923 – 1997
POP Artist



Industrial Modern Art

 
Roy Lichtenstein, American artist, born in Manhattan, NY City, into a middle class family. He was avid jazz fan, attending concerts at the Apollo Theater in Harlem as soon as he was old enough. After high school, he left New York to study at Ohio State University in the fine arts department.

Lichtenstein became one of the leading artists of the POP movement, along with Andy Warhol and Jasper Johns. His work used parody to define pop art, influenced by popular mainstream advertising and the comic book style. Roy called this 'industrial painting'. His two most famous works are Whaam! and Drowning Girl. See links at bottom of post.

Roy served his military service in WWII between 1943 -1946. In 1957, Lichtenstein moved back to NY to be closer to the NY art scene and began teaching again. At this time, he adopted the Abstract Expressionism style, and began to incorporate hidden images of cartoon characters, such as Mickey Mouse and Bugs Bunny into his abstract works.

In the early 1960's, Lichtenstein reproduced his versions of masterpieces by Cezanne, Mondrian, and Picasso, and included Vincent van Gogh's Bedroom in Arles. His popularity fluctuated, rising and falling with the whims of the public. Roy died in 1997, at 73. His long-time patron had been Gunter Sachs, husband of Bridgette Bardot.


Definition of POP art: a style which emerged in the mid-1950s in Britain and in the US. It presented a challenge to the traditions of Fine Art by including pop culture symbols. POP art is often used as a symbol of the 1960's and modern art.
 
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LINK to the Image sample and references: . . .due to artists or estate copyrights still in effect

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Roy_Lichtenstein_Whaam.jpg  Image - WHAAM!  by Lichtenstein

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Roy_Lichtenstein_Drowning_Girl.jpg Image- Drowning Girl
by Lichtenstein

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Do you know the type of art Lichtenstein is famous for? (see the links following)
Do you like POP art?

Please let me know you were here in the comments, and thanks for stopping by! I'll respond.

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.

***

References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Lichtenstein Roy Lichtenstein Wiki

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pop_art POP Art wiki

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Saturday, April 12, 2014

K = Klee, Paul, Artist - A to Z Blog Challenge


ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends


A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850's-1960's. There are exceptions.



Paul Klee, photographed in 1911 by Alexander Eliasberg


K = Klee, Paul
1879 - 1940


Paul Klee, a German-Swiss painter was born in Munchenbuchsee, Switzerland. His painting style was influenced by several art movements, and he picked selectively from each what he could use.  Paul and Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky both taught at the German Bauhaus** School of Art, Design and Architecture.



Full Moon, 1919, by Paul Klee, PD*-WC

 

Klee has been linked with Expressionism, Cubism, Futurism, Surrealism, and Abstract Art. Working in isolation from his fellow artists, he interpreted new art trends in his own way. He  worked in various media: oil, watercolor, ink, pastel, etching, and others, often combining different methods into one work.

Paul studied and experimented with color theory. His lectures on Writings on Form and Design Theory, published in English as the Paul Klee Notebooks, are held to be as important for modern art, as Leonardo da Vinci's, Treatise on Painting was for the Renaissance.

Klee had a wasting disease, scleroderma***, which became worse as he aged; he endured pain that was reflected in his later paintings. He died in Muralto, Locarno, Switzerland, on June 29, 1940, and was interred in Schosshaldenfriedhof, Bern, Switzerland. His legacy contains 9000 works of art.

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Have you heard of Paul Klee or his notebooks on color? Do you like Klee's painting shown above? Do you see the color or the design when you first look at the painting?

Please leave a comment to let me know you were here and thanks for visiting! I'll respond.

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.




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References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Klee Paul Klee Wiki


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bauhaus Bauhaus School of Art

**The Bauhaus was a modernist art school of the 20th century. Part of its shaping came from the Arts and Crafts movement.

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UPDATE: 
Scleroderma or systemic sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the skin. One reaction is the hardening of the skin.
To read more check the wiki, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scleroderma

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Image Credit

*Paul Klee, photographed in 1911 by Alexander Eliasberg.

This work is in the public domain in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 80 years or less.
You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that Mexico has a term of 100 years and does not implement the rule of the shorter term, so this image may not be in the public domain in Mexico. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years, but it does implement the rule of the shorter term.

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Public Domain-Artwork - painting: Full Moon, 1919, by Paul Klee

The author of this artwork died more than 70 years ago. According to U.S. Copyright Law, copyright expires 70 years after the author's death. In other countries, legislation may differ. More