Thursday, April 24, 2014

U = Utrillo, Maurice of Montmartre - A to Z Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends 

Montmartre was home to artists and windmills in the late 1800s, high in the Paris landscape. The climbing cobbled streets head upward past cafes, the last inner city vineyard in Paris, the Moulin de la Galette, the Montmartre Cemetery, Bateau Lavoir, and finally to Tertre Square and Sacre Coeur.



A Montmartre street in Paris, 'Lapin Agile' on left, by DG Hudson


U = Utrillo, Maurice
1883 - 1955


Maurice Utrillo, or Maurice Valadon, was a French painter born in Paris in the Montmartre quarter. He is one of the few famous painters of Montmartre who began and ended his life in this district. Utrillo is best known for his depictions of the houses and streets of the Montmartre district. He painted few portraits.

Suzanne Valadon, Maurice's mother, was Marie-Clémentine Valadon, an eighteen-year-old artist's model when her son was born. She never revealed who the father was when the time came, generating much speculation. She had posed for Berthe Morisot, Renoir, and Toulouse-Lautrec, who introduced her to Edgar Degas. She was eager to learn and Degas encouraged her and acted as her mentor. Maurice, her son, was given his name by Spanish art critic, Miguel Utrillo, as a last resort.

Maurice Utrillo died in November 1955, and was buried in the Cimetière Saint-Vincent in Montmartre. Although his life was plagued by alcoholism, he lived into his seventies.


Images

'La Rue Norvins à Montmartre', 1910
A street in Montmartre, 1910, with Sacre Coeur Basilica in distance


Square Tertre on Montmartre
Streets and squares, buildings and houses surround Tertre square, the artists market

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At the turn of the twentieth century, the Lapin Agile was a favorite spot for struggling artists and writers, including Picasso, Modigliani, Apollinaire, and Utrillo.




Lapin Agile, Cabaret Artistique, Montmartre, Paris, by DG Hudson


Note: For Utrillo's paintings as well as any photographs of him, there are many restrictions and associations controlling their use, so I can't show you the artist or the paintings with this post. Location photos will show you the general look of the neighborhood in Montmartre where the artists gathered.

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Have you heard of Maurice Utrillo, Montmartre artist? Have you been to the artists market in Tertre Square? Do you like his style?

Please let me know you were here by leaving a comment and thank for visiting! I'll respond.

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again as we near the finish line. . .



 
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References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_Utrillo Information on Utrillo

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lapin_Agile The Lapin Agile

http://www.biography.com/people/maurice-utrillo-9514159 Utrillo's biography


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Wednesday, April 23, 2014

T = Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de - A to Z Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850's-1960's. There are exceptions.


Can you spot the artist in the painting?



Self-portrait in the crowd, At the Moulin Rouge,  by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892, PD*-WC


T = Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri
1864 - 1901


Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa, or alternately, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a French painter, printmaker-lithographer, draughtsman and illustrator. His portrayals of the colorful theatrical life of Paris in the late 1800s gave us a collection of elegant and provocative images of the underside of the 'modern' life of those times.
Toulouse-Lautrec was a Post Impressionist artist, in the company of other well-known painters Cezanne, Van Gogh and Gauguin.

Toulouse-Lautrec immersed himself in art, since he was unable to participate in the sports that other men his age enjoyed. He recorded in his works many details of the late 19th-century bohemian lifestyle in Paris. When the Moulin Rouge cabaret opened, Toulouse-Lautrec was commissioned to produce a series of posters. That opportunity offered him a living of his own, his paintings were displayed in the cabaret, and a seat was always reserved for him.



The Moulin Rouge landmarks, Montmartre, Paris, by DG Hudson

 
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec met and befriended Oscar Wilde, while in London. When Wilde faced imprisonment in Britain, Henri was a very vocal supporter. Toulouse-Lautrec's portrait of Wilde was painted the same year as Wilde's trial.


Oscar Wilde, c.1895, by H. Toulouse-Lautrec


During his career of less than 20 years, Toulouse-Lautrec created 737 canvases, 275 watercolors, 363 prints and posters, 5,084 drawings, some ceramic and stained glass work, and an unknown number of lost works. Toulouse-Lautrec's skilled depiction of people relied on his painterly style which is highly linear and gives emphasis to contour.

Toulouse-Lautrec was placed in a sanatorium shortly before his death in 1901. He died at age 36 at the family estate from complications due to alcoholism and syphilis.

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Did you know Toulouse-Lautrec also did illustrations in the Art Nouveau style? (in some of the posters) Do you like his art? Any special paintings that you like, if you do like his work?

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.




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References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henri_de_Toulouse-Lautrec Wiki on Toulouse-Lautrec


IMAGES - PD-WC

(Images of posters with the 'Moulin Rouge' brand showing cannot be used, as may infringe copyright) Check images for more examples.

Self-portrait in the crowd, At the Moulin Rouge, 1892

This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.

The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain".
This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain. In other jurisdictions, re-use of this content may be restricted;


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Toulouse-Lautrec portrait of Oscar Wilde, c. 1895

This artwork is in the public domain
File Source:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Henri_de_Toulouse-Lautrec
 
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Tuesday, April 22, 2014

S = Sargent, John Singer - A to Z Challenge


ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850's-1960's. There are exceptions.



An American artist arrives in Paris. . .
 

Self-Portrait, John Singer Sargent, 1907, PD-WC
 

S = Sargent, John Singer
1856 - 1925


John Singer Sargent, an American artist, was considered the 'leading portrait painter of his generation' for his evocative painting of Edwardian era luxury. Many of his patrons were wealthy. John was trained in Paris before moving to London. He enjoyed international fame as a portrait painter, but  it was one of his portrait paintings that fostered a scandal. . .

An early submission to the Paris Salon, Portrait of Madam X, was intended to consolidate his position as a society painter, but it resulted in scandal instead. The low-cut neckline and the pose of the figure seemed to inspire discussion and disapproval. . .(Victorian and Edwardian sensibilities are easily offended.)


John Singer Sargent, in his studio with the Portrait of Madame X, c.1884, PD-WC


Sargent studied in Paris with Carolus-Duran, the young French portrait artist, who was noted for his bold technique and modern teaching methods. He would be a pivotal influence  to Sargent during his learning years, 1874 to 1878. In 1879, he painted a portrait of Carolus-Duran which received public approval and admittance to the Paris Salon. Sargent was 23 years old.

During his career, he created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolors, as well as countless sketches and charcoal drawings. Sargent also left hundreds of 'rapid charcoal portrait sketches' of his patrons that he called 'Mugs'. Many have been exhibited as a collection. In 1909, he exhibited 86 watercolors in NY City, 83 of which were purchased by the Brooklyn Museum.

He traveled worldwide from Venice, Italy to Montana and Florida. Later in his life, Sargent devoted most of his time to working on mural paintings and working en plein air. Most of his life was lived in Europe. Sargent returned from the United States to England in 1924 after a major retrospective, and died there in April of 1925.

Sargent was a life-long bachelor, who surrounded himself with family, friends, and other artists. He was generally private about his personal affairs, so little is known but supposition.

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Do you know the work of the American artist, John Singer Sargent? Any favorites? Did you know some of his work is considered Impressionistic?

Please let me know you were here by leaving a comment, and thanks for dropping by! I'll respond.

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.





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References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Singer_Sargent Wiki - John Singer Sargent


IMAGES

John Singer Sargent, in his studio with the X, Portrait of Madame c.1884,

This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason

You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that Mexico has a term of 100 years and does not implement the rule of the shorter term, so this image may not be in the public domain in Mexico. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years, but it does implement the rule of the shorter term.

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Image: Self Portrait of Sargent,1907

This work is in the public domain in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 80 years or less.

You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that Mexico has a term of 100 years and does not implement the rule of the shorter term, so this image may not be in the public domain in Mexico. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years, but it does implement the rule of the shorter term.

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Monday, April 21, 2014

R = Rembrandt, van Rijin, Artist - A to Z Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. This artist hails from the 1600s, from the land of windmills. Famous enough to be known by one name, he is a painter and an etcher, considered one of our greatest artists in depicting light and shadow.


He looked into the soul of his subjects to paint his perceptive portraits. His name is Rembrandt.



Self-Portrait, Rembrandt, Dutch painter, 1659, PD*-WC


R = Rembrandt, Harmenszoon van Rijin
1606 - 1669


Rembrandt lived and painted during the Dutch Golden Age, an especially prolific and innovative time in Dutch history. During his lifetime, his etchings and paintings were popular and sold well. For twenty years, he taught many important Dutch painters.

'In his portraits and self-portraits, he angles the sitter's face in such a way that the ridge of the nose nearly always forms the line of demarcation between brightly illuminated and shadowy areas.' (wiki)
'A Rembrandt face is a face partially eclipsed; and the nose, bright and obvious, thrusting into the riddle of halftones, serves to focus the viewer's attention upon, and to dramatize, the division between a flood of light—an overwhelming clarity—and a brooding duskiness.' (wiki)


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And then, there was Saskia van Uylenburgh, pictured below, wife of the artist. She was his model for some of his paintings, drawings and etchings. Saskia was from a patrician family, but being of independent spirit, she married the romantic artist. She became 'immortal' through art.




Portrait of Saskia van Uylenburgh, c. 1635, Rembrandt



Rembrandt achieved success in his youth, but his later years were full of financial hardship and personal tragedy. He lost both his sons before he himself passed on. He died within a year of the last son, on October 4, 1669 in Amsterdam, and was buried in an unmarked grave in the Westerkerk. 

The portraits of himself, his family and Dutch life form a biography of the artist and the man. Rembrandt portrayed himself, his wife and contemporaries over four centuries ago, leaving a legacy of life in the 1600s, for those of us who came after.

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The Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch (Night Watch)
An example of a painting commemorating an event or notable persons.


The Night Watch, 1642, Rembrandt, PD*WC

 
The Night Watch, 1642: (short version of name)
The composition, the lighting and staging direct the eye to the two main figures in the image above. The details in this painting are meant to be seen up close, so check the link if you're interested.

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Do you like Rembrandt's painting style? Doesn't Saskia look like a gentle soul? Have you seen any of Rembrandt's paintings in a gallery?

Please leave a comment to let me know you were here, and thanks for dropping by! I will respond.

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.




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References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rembrandt Wiki on the Artist

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Nightwatch_by_Rembrandt.jpg The Nightwatch, painting by Rembrandt
 

Images

Image of Rembrandt, a Self-Portrait:

This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain in its source country for the following reason:
This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.

The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain". This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1923.

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Saskia van Uylenburgh, the Wife of the Artist

 This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain in its source country for the following reason:
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published (or registered with the U.S. Copyright Office) before January 1, 1923.
This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less

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The Nightwatch

The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain". This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain.
This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.

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Saturday, April 19, 2014

Q = Quick Street Guide and Lapin Agile - A to Z

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

Today's post features an ART Legend, and references a book that can help you find these historical places. This café has a history of supporting artists.



Lapin Agile, Artists' Café

One of the Montmartre cafés frequented by artists. The name shows on the white wall, and includes the pink building. Artists could trade their work for a meal at Lapin Agile, the Montmartre cabaret located at #22 on the steep and cobbled Rue des Saules, Paris. Pablo Picasso's 1905 oil painting, 'At the Lapin Agile', helped to make this cabaret world famous.



Lapin Agile, Artist's Cabaret, Montmartre, Paris, by DG Hudson


Another Montmartre artist, Maurice Utrillo, also painted this cabaret. Steve Martin wrote a play in 1993, Picasso at the Lapin Agile, about an imaginary meeting between Picasso and Einstein. This café may offer authentic French songs, if our sources are correct.


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Finding places like this cafe is easier, with the book chosen for the letter, Q.

Q = Quick* Street by Street Guide to Painters in Paris

Or Guide des peintres a Paris, 2010



F. Gaussen,, Painters in Paris, front cover


This Street Guide to painters' homes or studios covers the time between the early 1700s to the late 1900s. Yes, that's the young Picasso on the cover. To narrow your search, the book includes several itineraries: Impressionist, Picasso, Romantic, and Surrealist. The former Van Gogh residence, where Vincent and Theo lived is on the way uphill to Sacre Coeur. This book also includes many period photographs of the artists at work or in their natural settings, including the original Bateau Lavoire.

There is a statement in the opening pages which clarifies that no living artist's addresses are listed. The author of this book, Frederic Gaussen, formerly a journalist for the newspaper, Le Monde, is the author of several books on Parisian artists and their studios.

Published by Editions du Patrimoine
Centre des Monuments Nationaux
ISBN: 978-2-7577-0083-9 (29 Euros, purchased at the Arc de Triomphe)

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Would you walk about Paris to see the studios or works of famous artists? Do you visit the homes or studios of our literary ancestors at home or in other countries?

Please let me know you were here in the comments and thanks for dropping by! I'll respond.

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Disclaimer: I may have stretched the interpretation of the book title name to include the letter Q, and thereby fit the alpha requirements of the challenge. Creative license used.

Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.

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References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lapin_Agile Wiki Lapin Agile

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Le_Lapin_Agile_par_Rapha%C3%ABl_Toussaint.jpg Another artist's depiction of the Lapin Agile

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picasso_at_the_Lapin_Agile - Steve Martin's play

Friday, April 18, 2014

P = Pablo Picasso, Art Legend - A to Z Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850's-1960's. There are exceptions.





Pablo Picasso 1962, via Wikipedia Commons (PD)

P = Pablo Picasso
1881 – 1973


As one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, Pablo Picasso is known as a co-founder of the Cubist movement, and the invention of constructed sculpture.

His career as a painter started in 1894. At the age of 14, he painted Portrait of Aunt Pepa, a portrait that is considered 'one of the greatest in the history of Spanish painting'. The influence of artists such as Toulouse-Lautrec and Edvard Munch led Pablo to form his own personal version of Modernism.

Picasso's most famous work is Guernica, his depiction of the bombing during the Spanish Civil War.

Guernica by Pablo Picasso, 1937.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:PicassoGuernica.jpg  Guernica, scroll to bottom end of Wikipedia page.

Portrait of Igor Stravinsky, c. 1920
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stravinsky_picasso.png - also at the bottom of the wiki page


Picasso was exceptionally prolific throughout his long lifetime. The total number of artworks he produced has been estimated at 50,000, comprising 1,885 paintings; 1,228 sculptures; 2,880 ceramics, roughly 12,000 drawings, many thousands of prints, and numerous tapestries and rugs. 

Pablo died on April 8,1973 in Mougins, France. At the time of his death many of his paintings were in his possession. These works form the core of an immense collection of the Musée Picasso in Paris. (The Musée Picasso was closed for renovations when we located it in 2010 Paris.)
 
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Are you a fan of Picasso's art? (early periods, cubism or sculpture)  Do you prefer some of his earlier 'realistic' paintings to the analytical cubism?

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on.





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References:
 

A Picasso Wiki
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pablo_Picasso 


Picasso - previous post in 2012 A to Z, Pablo's early time in Paris

http://dghudson-rainwriting.blogspot.ca/2012/04/p-pablo-picasso-in-paris-to-z-challenge.html


Pablo Picasso's works will not enter the public domain in France, Spain and other European countries until 2043.

Image of Picasso, 1962 -PD-WC

This image is in the public domain because the copyright of this photograph, registered in Argentina, has expired. (Both at least 25 years have passed after the photograph was created, and it was first published at least 20 years ago, Law 11.723, Article 34 as amended, and Berne Convention Article 7 (4)).

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Thursday, April 17, 2014

O = Oppenheim, Méret, Surrealist - A to Z Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850s-1960s. There are exceptions.





2014 A to Z April Blog Challenge


O = Oppenheim, Méret
1913 - 1985
Surrealist and Photographer


Méret Elisabeth Oppenheim was a German born-Swiss, Surrealist artist, and photographer. Born in Berlin, she became part of the 1920s Surrealist movement along with André Breton, Luis Buñuel, Marcel Duchamp, Max Ernst, and other writers and visual artists.

Oppenheim was also inspired by her aunt, Ruth Wenger, and her devotion to art and her modern lifestyle. Ruth was an attractive young singer, at one time married to Herman Hesse, a German writer, poet, novelist and painter.
 
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There are restrictions on use of the images, so please click the links to see the images.


Object: Breakfast in Fur - 1936, Surrealistic tea set; (Object - Le Déjeuner en fourrure )


Negative of X-Ray of Meret Oppenheim’s Skull - A different kind of self-portrait by Meret using new technology of her time; 1964



In 1932, Oppenheim moved to Paris at the impressionable age of 18, occasionally attending the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere.  In 1933, Hans Arp and Alberto Giacometti invited her to participate in the Surrealist exhibition, the “Salon des Surindépendants'. In 1936, Oppenheim had her first solo exhibition in Switzerland. She continued to contribute to Surrealist exhibitions until 1960.

Méret Oppenheim created art objects, and also appeared as a model for photographs by Man Ray, aka Emmanuel Radnitzky, 1890 – 1976, an American artist who spent most of his career in Paris, France. He was an important contributor to the Dada and Surrealist art movements. He was a fashion and portrait photographer. Ray is also known for his photograms, or as he calls them, 'rayograms'.

Méret died at 72, in 1985. She kept careful notes about which patrons and colleagues were favored and determined where her work should go. The archives and artwork are now managed by several venerable libraries and institutions in Bern.
 
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Do you know who Méret Oppenheim was? Have you ever seen surrealist objects in an exhibition? (Things are not what they seem)

Do you like surrealist paintings? Surrealist objects?

Please leave a comment to let me know you were here, and thanks for dropping by! I'll respond.

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.

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References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A9ret_Oppenheim Meret Oppenheim
 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:M%C3%A9ret_Oppenheim_Object.jpg Breakfast in Fur

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Man_Ray Man Ray wiki

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