Monday, April 7, 2014

F = FAUVISM and Marc Chagall - A to Z Blog Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850's-1960's. There are exceptions.


Marc Chagall, 1911, I and the Village, PD*-WC


F = Fauvism
les Fauves (Wild Beasts)


Fauvism is the style of les Fauves (the wild beasts), a loose group of early twentieth-century Modern artists who emphasized painterly qualities over the realistic values of Impressionism. Painters of this style were Marc Chagall, Henri Matisse and Andre Derain. The paintings of the Fauves included wild brush work and strident colors, while keeping the subject matter simplified or abstract.
 

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F = Fauvist Marc Chagall
1887 - 1985


Marc Chagall, in Paris 1921, PD*-WC



Marc Zakharovich Chagall, a Belarussian-Russian-French artist, came to Paris in 1910, at a time when Cubism was the dominant style. In Paris, he learned the technique of gouache** which he used to paint scenes from his homeland. He was adept in many mediums: painting, book illustrations, stained glass cathedral windows, stage sets, ceramics, tapestries and fine art prints. 

Chagall's first recognition came not from the other painters, but from poets such as Blaise Cendrars and Guillaume Apollinaire. His work was linked to Cubism, Symbolism, Fauvism and Surrealism. The artist didn't want his work associated with any art movement; however, he considered his work a unique language of symbols.

As a stained glass artist, he acquired some important commissions. He designed and produced stained glass windows for the cathedrals of Reims and Metz, the windows for the UN, the Jerusalem Windows in Israel, and part of the ceiling painting at the Opera Garnier (aka the Paris Opera).

Chagall's last work was a commissioned piece of art for the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (for disabled people of the world). The painting part of the design was completed, but Chagall died in 1985, before the tapestry part was finished.

**Gouache - a method of painting in opaque pigments ground in water and thickened with a gluey substance.

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Do you recognize the name Mark Chagall? Do you like this style of painting, with its intricate detail and otherworldly color? What do you think of Fauvism?

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.





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References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marc_Chagall - Marc Chagall wiki -and art examples


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fauvism - Fauvism defined


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Image Credits

Portrait of Marc Chagall

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PD*-WC

Marc Chagall, 1911, I and the Village

This image can have no independent copyright as it is simply a faithful reproduction of an old, public domain, two-dimensional work of art published outside the U.S. before 1923.

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14 comments:

  1. Wow. He excelled in all manner of art. Very diverse. I love stained glass. I now want to take a look at some of his work.

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    1. I love the detail in his paintings. I had forgotten how much I like his work. I have googled the ceiling painting he did in the Opera Garnier, it's gorgeous, IMO.

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  2. Nice. I wouldn't mind having someone like that on my wall. :)

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    1. I feel the same, David. He was an intriguing painter.

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  3. I can definitely see the stained glass influence.

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    1. You should see the painting on the ceiling of the Opera Garnier. Now I need to tour that place, next Paris visit.
      The influence of stained glass is there with the dividing of the image into sections.

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  4. One of my most favorite artists. I love his paintings.

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    1. I do too, Inger. I love finding all the little details he includes. Glad you like him.

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  5. I really would like to see the painting on the ceiling of the Opera Garnier. I would like to see one of his stained glass windows! Did you see the French Dance number on SNL? :-)

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    1. If I get there first, Roland, I'll take photos. And no, didn't see SNL, although I would have liked to have.

      We were at the care home Sat evening holding MIL's hand, she passed away early the next morning on Sunday. We expected it, but it's still tough.

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  6. Just love Chagall...His art is like a mirror into the soul

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    1. That's a great way of defining it, Siv! He's a favorite of mine, too.

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  7. I never knew he used gouache as a medium. I did many works in this medium in my college art classes.

    One of my favorite works of his is at the opera house in NYC. Three HUGE panels grace the entrance.

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    1. I'd love to see that if I ever get to NYC, since he also painted a portion of the ceiling in the Opera Garnier in Paris.

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