Tuesday, April 8, 2014

G = Gauguin, Paul, Artist - A to Z Blog Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on  artists and the art style movements from 1850's-1960's. There are exceptions.



Paul Gauguin, 1891, French Painter, PD*-WC

G = Gauguin, Paul 
1848 –1903

Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin was a leading French Post-Impressionist artist. His work was influential to Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse.  He was a painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramist and writer.He was also an important figure in the Symbolist movement.

Picasso's paintings in 1906 were influenced by Gauguin's sculpture, his painting and his writing. Later, it is said, Picasso played down Gauguin's influence. Another friendship that became rocky involved Vincent Van Gogh, during a 9-week painting trip in 1888, to the 'Yellow House in Arles'. There are two versions of the story of the 'severed ear' of Vincent. The regular version says the full ear suffered, but Gauguin's version said only the lower lobe of Vincent's ear was cut, which still bled enough to have Vincent hospitalized. Vincent didn't remember. Gauguin left Arles the next day. The two men never saw each other again.

Gauguin showed paintings in the Impressionist exhibitions in 1881 and 1882. Over two summer holidays, he painted with Camille Pissarro and sometimes Paul Cezanne.  In 1891, Gauguin sailed to French Polynesia to escape civilization. He made a few trips back to France before settling in the islands.


The Midday Nap, (1894)


The Midday Nap, 1894, Paul Gauguin, PD*-WC

 
At the end of his life, Gauguin made the mistake of siding with the natives against the French Colonialists. Sentenced to prison, he died May 8, 1903, before he could start serving his sentence. He died of an overdose of morphine and a possible heart attack. He was 54 years at the time. To read more, see links below.

*In 2014, an update has questioned whether Gauguin did indeed ever have syphilis, or have been treated for it. This was from DNA testing.  See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Gauguin under Later years and Death, for more details.

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Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest!




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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Gauguin

Image Credit:

Photo of Gauguin, and Painting, Afternoon Nap or The Siesta

This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.

The work of art depicted in this image and the reproduction thereof are in the public domain worldwide. The reproduction is part of a collection of reproductions compiled by The Yorck Project. The compilation copyright is held by Zenodot Verlagsgesellschaft mbH and licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

22 comments:

  1. Gauguin used such vibrant colors and I love that about his work. Shame that he died in prison. Wonder how he got a hold of the drugs.

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    1. I don't know if he got it for pain, as in research they mentioned an 'unhealed injury'. Today, he could likely get them in prison, back then, who knows? I like Gauguin's work, it's always appealed to me.

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  2. Have to give him credit for trying to help the natives. Too bad his life ended so tragically.

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    1. Yes, I thought he behaved in a typically humane way, helping the natives. The problem was that in the islands, he didn't have. much clout.

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  3. I have never seen that painting before. The colors are absolutely marvelous. A sad ending of an adventurous life.

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    1. I loved this painting too, and everyone is dressed in this one. Gauguin was one artist I've admired since I first learned of his work. He had a sensitivity towards the natives, perhaps from his association with them rather than the French Colonialists.

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  4. Is it just how I read it... or was the implication that Gaugin cut off Van Gogh's ear????? If so, that must have been some fight. It does say that they parted ways and never saw one another again... so that indicates that however the was removed it was intense.

    Why do the natives always lose these things? So sad...

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    1. I picked up on that too, Robin, but it could have been due to their drinking or a dare. Both men had passionate natures. Van Gogh had episodic events he couldn't always explain afterwards. (Vincent shows up in my V post) We will likely never know for sure. Two sides to every story. . .

      As for the natives, it's like the civil wars - he who has the guns, the power, and the money usually wins. Heart doesn't always count.

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  5. I recognize the style, but I wasn't sure who painted The midday nap. Now I know! :)

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    1. I love the composition of this photo, it looks so relaxed, and the vibrant colors of the islands. . .Glad I helped identify the artist!

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  6. i love this part of art history and especially his work

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    1. So do I, Lynn. After this period and up to about 1923, too many artists have restrictions on showing the work, as the copyrights are still in effect. Thanks for visiting, Lynn. I'll visit your place too.

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  7. Government has never been the friend of natives or artists. Mix the two together and you have heartbreak. His heart showed in his work and in his life.

    I always got the impression that Van Gogh's instability and depression scared Gauguin. If it was a fight -- well, I think we would have had to have been there to see the right of it.

    The Indigenous People are always abused by the colonizers -- which bodes ill for us if ever we are visited by aliens!

    Love Gauguin's work and heart. Sad that Picasso was too proud to say thanks to a mentor.

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    1. Two moody, passionate types don't mix well, no matter their pedigree. The colonials of all the exploring countries usually practiced a similar code. I like Gauguin's work, but question his philandering. . .

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  8. Gauguin sounds like he was a difficult individual.

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    1. A lot of artists have that affliction, Alex. . . and other professionals too. Don't some writers display similar shortcomings?

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  9. What a great series! And you're the perfect person to write it because you're so good at highlighting the most interesting facts.

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    1. Thank you, Nicki, that makes me smile.

      And as for Neil, he didn't get kicked out of the grunge club, he always dresses that way.

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  10. P.S. So which song was it that got Neil Young kicked out of the grunge club?

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    1. Neil Young - Southern Man. It caused this rebuttal: Sweet Home Alabama by lynyrd skynyrd. Neil likes to be controversial, and he also wrote about the Kent State killings, shortly after they occurred.

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  11. What interesting facts about Gauguin. I never knew he influenced Picasso...

    I'm really enjoying you series. D.G.

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    1. I learned a few things, too, in twol books we have on painting and online. That photo of Gauguin in this post reminds me of Oscar Wilde in a similar pose - both in the studio type setting.

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