Wednesday, April 23, 2014

T = Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de - A to Z Challenge

ART: Artists, Art Trivia, Art Legends

A glimpse of the ART world, in the manner of an alphabetical mini-art tour. ART focuses on artists and art movements between the 1850's-1960's. There are exceptions.

Can you spot the artist in the painting?

Self-portrait in the crowd, At the Moulin Rouge,  by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892, PD*-WC

T = Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri
1864 - 1901

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa, or alternately, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a French painter, printmaker-lithographer, draughtsman and illustrator. His portrayals of the colorful theatrical life of Paris in the late 1800s gave us a collection of elegant and provocative images of the underside of the 'modern' life of those times.
Toulouse-Lautrec was a Post Impressionist artist, in the company of other well-known painters Cezanne, Van Gogh and Gauguin.

Toulouse-Lautrec immersed himself in art, since he was unable to participate in the sports that other men his age enjoyed. He recorded in his works many details of the late 19th-century bohemian lifestyle in Paris. When the Moulin Rouge cabaret opened, Toulouse-Lautrec was commissioned to produce a series of posters. That opportunity offered him a living of his own, his paintings were displayed in the cabaret, and a seat was always reserved for him.

The Moulin Rouge landmarks, Montmartre, Paris, by DG Hudson

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec met and befriended Oscar Wilde, while in London. When Wilde faced imprisonment in Britain, Henri was a very vocal supporter. Toulouse-Lautrec's portrait of Wilde was painted the same year as Wilde's trial.

Oscar Wilde, c.1895, by H. Toulouse-Lautrec

During his career of less than 20 years, Toulouse-Lautrec created 737 canvases, 275 watercolors, 363 prints and posters, 5,084 drawings, some ceramic and stained glass work, and an unknown number of lost works. Toulouse-Lautrec's skilled depiction of people relied on his painterly style which is highly linear and gives emphasis to contour.

Toulouse-Lautrec was placed in a sanatorium shortly before his death in 1901. He died at age 36 at the family estate from complications due to alcoholism and syphilis.


Did you know Toulouse-Lautrec also did illustrations in the Art Nouveau style? (in some of the posters) Do you like his art? Any special paintings that you like, if you do like his work?


Brought to you by the A to Z Blog Challenge 2014 Team and the originator: Lee of Tossing it Out. Click the A to Z list of participants and read on. Hope to see you again throughout the blogfest.


References: Wiki on Toulouse-Lautrec


(Images of posters with the 'Moulin Rouge' brand showing cannot be used, as may infringe copyright) Check images for more examples.

Self-portrait in the crowd, At the Moulin Rouge, 1892

This work is in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.

The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain".
This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain. In other jurisdictions, re-use of this content may be restricted;


Toulouse-Lautrec portrait of Oscar Wilde, c. 1895

This artwork is in the public domain
File Source: